Find out our self-consumption offers and let the sun be your energy
Whether or not you have self-consumption in your home, we have an option for you. We have offers for all types of homes and Energy Agents willing to help you.
> Use our filters to refine your search
Find out by means of our Energy Agents how will your solar installation be
Want to know more about solar energy and self-consumption?
What is photovoltaic self-consumption?
Self-consumption consists of using the radiation that comes from the sun to generate electricity, which can be used for any purpose; i.e. the fact of producing our own energy is known as self-consumption. Any equipment or installation that consumes electricity can be supplied by means of a self-consumption installation.
When we talk about self-consumption, we’re talking about installations with an activated electricity supply and whose purpose is to complement the supply of energy provided by the solar installation.
What is the difference between individual and collective self-consumption?
We speak of individual self-consumption when the installation is used to supply energy to a single consumer or in other words, when there is only one supply point registered and associated with that installation.
In the case of several consumers or several supply points linked to a self-consumption installation, we will be talking about "collective self-consumption". An example of that would be a residential property owners’ association where there are several different suppliers and they decide to share a solar installation and distribute the energy generated.
What is the difference between self-consumption with or without a surplus?
A self-consumption installation has surpluses when the consumer is not able to use all the energy generated and therefore has a surplus, which is to say, an excess of production. If the consumer is capable of using all the energy produces there will be no surplus.
What happens to the energy I don’t use?
The energy transferred to the network can be used in two ways:
- Compensation for in billing (simplified compensation)
- Energy sale contract. This process is complex and requires registration as a producer Except for special cases, we recommend not doing this for installations below 100 kW.
- Another possibility to manage surpluses is to store the excess energy in batteries in order to have it available when it is needed. Battery prices are currently very competitive and it’s an excellent option.
Can I benefit from the surplus compensation?
A self-consumer can benefit from the surplus compensation when the production installation is less than or equal to 100kW; if the power is greater than 100kW, the energy will be sold on the market through a market representation contract signed with the marketer.
How will the surpluses be billed?
On the bill, a valuation of the surpluses is made at a price previously stipulated and agreed with Feníe Energía or may be valued indexed to wholesale market prices.
The compensation consists in valuing the surpluses at that price and then subtracting them from the bill.
The consumer will continue to pay the fixed part of the bill, which is to say the power term and the taxes, and at most it will be possible to compensate the amount corresponding to the variable part of the bill, i.e. the amount of the kWh consumed. That part cannot be negative, therefore the maximum sum to be compensated will be that which makes that amount zero. This is a compensation in economic terms rather than in energy terms.
What elements comprise a self-consumption installation?
A self-consumption installation consists of several elements:
- First of all, it includes a generator field, mainly made up of photovoltaic panels. The energy produced by this equipment is direct current.
- Secondly, we have a grid inverter with the function of converting the energy generated with the panels into alternating current, so that it can be consumed in the consumer's regular grid and also allows us to visualize the energy generated and consumed through application or web portal that receives the data from the installation.
- The photovoltaic modules sit on a structure, mainly made up of metal parts to which the solar panels are attached by means of screws and fixings.
- The installation features cabling and electrical protection to ensure the safety of the installation.
How much does a self-consumption installation cost?
The price of a self-consumption installation can vary depending on different factors, for example, the type of structure used, the quality of components such as the panels and the solar inverter. The most important aspect when considering a self-consumption installation is not the price, but to carry out a suitable and personalized study taking into account the needs of the consumer and that it allows them to benefit from the generated energy to the maximum and to increase the percentage of savings obtained as much as possible.
To find out the cost of the installation that best adapts to your needs, request a quote from the Feníe Energía team.
How much space does a self-consumption installation take up?
The surface that occupies the installation varies depending on the number of modules installed but approximately one installation with 1kW peak would be formed by 2-4 panels, occupying a surface of between 4 and 8m2.
What procedures do I have to carry out to install self-consumption?
In order to have a self-consumption installation, a number of procedures are necessary in order to legalise it and register it with the different state-designated bodies.
The operation by type of installation is presented schematically below.
- The installation that have no surpluses will be processed by a simple procedure.
- To begin with, we must carry out the procedures indicated in municipal regulations (building permits, prior communication, etc.). Once the Local Authority confirms that the procedure is correct, the installation process can begin.
- After the installation is completed, the installer must submit a document to the territorial delegation of Industry which details the technical aspects of the solar installation, i.e. an Electrical Installation Certificate will be issued.
- From this point on, the Administration will be in charge of sending the information to the Registry of Production Installations and to the Distributor.
The customer must notify the corresponding marketer that they have contracted a self-consumption installation.
The installations with surpluses can choose between two options: request compensation for surpluses on the bill or sign a contract of sale of energy to receive payment for it. Only if the installation is over 15 kW for this mode of self-consumption, the processing will change with respect to what was explained in the previous case.
- It will be necessary to request permission from the Distributor on how the installation will be connected and if any additional work needs to be carried out to reinforce the grid.
- Only when the installation has more than 25 kW will it have to pass an inspection by a Control Body
- In addition, the consumer must inform the Marketer if they want to benefit from the compensation of surpluses or if they prefer to sell the energy to the market and carry out the contract indicated by the Marketer.
Will I save money if I install self-consumption?
Yes, self-consumption will always mean savings, but it is important to carry out a study of the real needs of the consumer so that the installation is correctly dimensioned and the energy generated maximised where possible for a profitable and sustainable model.
What are the benefits of self-consumption for the environment?
Self-consumption has innumerable advantages both for the owner and the environment.
For the home or business owner, they get a very beneficial and competitive long-term economic model for electricity consumption that will increase the value of the property, ensuring energy savings, according to the type of facility, helping to increase the purchase power of the owner.
In terms of the environment, the generation of solar energy achieves considerable reductions in, or even the elimination of, CO2 equivalent emissions into the atmosphere, contributing to the reduction of emissions and helping to create a sustainable future.
You may also like
Feníe Energía lanza un producto que permite a sus clientes almacenar los excedentes de autoconsumo no compensados y utilizarlos como descuento en sus facturas
Feníe Energía fomenta la venta de instalaciones de autoconsumo con el lanzamiento de su nuevo producto Premium Solar
Autoconsumo: rentable sí, pero si sabes cómo